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GRADE 10 IB SCIENCE:
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Chemistry Test #3: Acids and Bases
  1. nomenclature of acids:     binary acids such as HCl or hydrochloric acid and oxy acids such as H2SO4 or sulfuric acid
  2. nomenclature of bases:     Easy! These are just any metal with a hydroxyl group OH-1 on the end, such as sodium hydroxide (NaOH)
  3. How acids and bases are made
  4. Neutralization reactions:     What are they? What are the two products which are always involved?
  5. Acid - base indicators
  6. pH scale
    -key values on the scale such as pH 0, 7, 14
    -pH values of various common liquids (lemon juice, Draino, distilled water) and bodily fluids
    -Calculations such as "by what factor does the acidity change when the pH drops from (for example) 7 to 5."
    -acid rain (What is it?   What are the three main acid-rain producing gases?   What are the key reactions?   What are the effects?)
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    The final test problem does NOT involve acids and bases; it is a continuation of stoichiometry.
  7. One stoichiometry problem, in which you are given the balanced chemical equation and the masses the two reactants. You first have to calculate which reactant is limiting, then proceed from there to calculate the mass of one of the products.